I pray that one day my emuna will be so great that I will never ever have to complain- even if people don’t keep their promise, don’t take responsibility, don’t include me in their Pesach Seder, speak disrespectfully or make unreasonable demands on me and my time. I know that there are ways to respond positively to every difficulty life deals out and remain assertive about what needs to be done in each situation. There are times when we need to pass judgments and give constructive criticism. Then, especially, is it crucial to focus on the good and increase the love in our heart for the person we need to rebuke. We learn the importance of generating positivity and love in our heart when declaring “impure” from this week’s parasha. Even if an expert had confirmed that a person has tzara’at, he would not actually be ritually impure until a Kohen utters the words, “You are impure.” Thus, the authority to diagnose someone with the spiritual skin-disease of tzara’at fell solely on the Kohen. This idea is repeated several times in our parasha, for example:
ספר ויקרא פרק יג (ב) אָדָם כִּי יִהְיֶה בְעוֹר בְּשָׂרוֹ שְׂאֵת אוֹ סַפַּחַת אוֹ בַהֶרֶת וְהָיָה בְעוֹר בְּשָׂרוֹ לְנֶגַע צָרָעַת וְהוּבָא אֶל אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן אוֹ אֶל אַחַד מִבָּנָיו הַכֹּהֲנִים : (ג) וְרָאָה הַכֹּהֵן אֶת הַנֶּגַע בְּעוֹר הַבָּשָׂר… וְרָאָהוּ הַכֹּהֵן וְטִמֵּא אֹתוֹ:“When a man shall have in the skin of his flesh a rising, or a scab, or a bright spot, and it becomes on the skin of his flesh the plague of tzara’at, then he shall be brought to Aharon the Kohen, or to one of his sons the Kohanim. The Kohen shall look at the plague in the skin of the flesh… and the Kohen shall look at him, and pronounce him impure” (Vayikra 13:2-3).
ספר ויקרא פרק יג (ח) וְרָאָה הַכֹּהֵן וְהִנֵּה פָּשְׂתָה הַמִּסְפַּחַת בָּעוֹר וְטִמְּאוֹ הַכֹּהֵן צָרַעַת הִוא:“The Kohen shall look, and, behold, if the scab be spread in the skin, then the Kohen shall pronounce him impure: it is tzara’at” (Vayikra 13:8).
Pronouncing Impurity with Compassion
Why is the Kohen, rather than the professional physician selected to make the diagnosis that renders the patient impure? Why does the Torah emphasize this fact by repeating it several times? The Kohen is considered a man of kindness and love. Today, all that remains of the service performed by the Kohanim is to bless Israel with love, on Shabbat and holidays (in Israel in the morning prayers daily) as they express in the blessing- prayer that precedes their blessings: “Blessed are You G‑d… Who has commanded us to bless your nation with love.” Feelings of love and brotherhood are so essential to the Kohen and his blessings, that failure to infuse the Kohanim blessings with genuine goodwill may affect the Kohen’s health, G‑d forbid! (The Alter Rebbe, Code of Jewish Law, Ohr Hachaim, chapter 128:19). Moshe calls the Kohen “a man of kindness” (Devarim 33:8) Heartfelt kindness- not just acts of kindness- but actual feelings of love, were central to the personality of the Kohen. The ability to pronounce a fellow-Jew impure was entrusted to the Kohen precisely because of his heightened sense of love and benevolence towards others. Who could possibly be more suited to utter the crushing verdict of “You are impure” than these men of compassion? Who is better to administer a sentence of solitary confinement? (Rabbi Mendel Kamenson, The Rules of Judgment and Constructive Criticism).
Prepare for Pesach with Rectified Speech of Love
It is not just what we say- the selection of our words- but the feelings behind them that count most. Even when people have justified criticism of others, if not given over with love, it will only cause dissention and make people defensive. Pesach is not only about rectified speech. Pesach is also about love. It was with the greatest love that Hashem took us out of Egypt even when we were absolutely un-worthy. Therefore, on Pesach we read Song of Songs about the love between Hashem and Israel. So, as we clean out our Pesach cabinets, let us remember to clean out the chametz of negativity, resentment, disappointment and anger. Let us replace this chametz with the matzah of emunah, patience, tolerance, benevolence and compassion. May we be able to integrate these elevated character-traits to the extent that they will be infused in the choice of each and every one of our words!